Maculinea currently viewed as a subjective junior synonymAndrew V. Z. Brower
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This is the famous Eurasian ant-associated genus of blues, including the endangered "large blue," "Maculinea" arion. Late instar larvae descend into ant hills of the genera Myrmica and Aphaenogaster and consume the larvae and pupae. Much of the conservation-related literature for this genus will refer to it as "Maculinea."
Phylogenetic relationships as inferred from combined molecular and morphological evidence by Fric et al. (2007). Note that the former genus Maculinea, which included the European species M. arion and M. rebeli (now viewed as a synonym/subspecies of P. alcon), represents both basal and derived members of Phengaris. The type species of Maculinea is P. alcon, so even if Maculinea were retained as a distinct genus, it would not contain the charismatic European species P. arion.
Fric, Z., Wahlberg, N., Pech, P. & Zrzavy, J. 2007 Phylogeny and classification of the Phengaris-Maculinea clade (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae): total evidence and phylogenetic species concepts. Systematic Entomology 32, 558-567.
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- First online 06 January 2008
- Content changed 06 January 2008
Citing this page:
Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2008. Phengaris currently viewed as a subjective junior synonym. Version 06 January 2008 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Phengaris/112250/2008.01.06 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Maculinea