GalloanseraeDavid P. Mindell and Joseph W. Brown
This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.
You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.
For more information on ToL tree formatting, please see Interpreting the Tree or Classification. To learn more about phylogenetic trees, please visit our Phylogenetic Biology pages.close box
Cracraft, J., F. K. Barker, M. J. Braun, J. Harshman, G. Dyke, J. Feinstein, S. Stanley, A. Cibois, P. Schikler, P. Beresford, J. García-Moreno, M. D. Sorenson, T. Yuri, and D. P. Mindell. 2004. Phylogenetic Relationships Among Modern Birds (Neornithes): Toward an Avian Tree of Life. Pp 468-489 in Cracraft, J. and M. J. Donoghue (eds.), Assembling the Tree of Life. Oxford University Press, New York.
Cracraft, J. and J. Clarke. 2001. The basal clades of modern birds. Pages 143-156 in New Perspectives on the Origin and Early Evolution of Birds: Proceedings of the International Symposium In Honor of John H. Ostrom. J. Gauthier and L. F. Gall, eds. Yale University Press, New Haven.
Chubb, A. L. 2004. New nuclear evidence for the oldest divergence among neognath birds: The phylogenetic utility of ZENK (i). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30:140-151.
Eo, S. H., O. R. P. Bininda-Emonds, and J. P. Carroll. 2009. A phylogenetic supertree of fowls (Galloanserae, Aves). Zoologica Scripta, doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2008.00382.x
Ericson, P. G. P., T. Parsons, and U. S. Johansson. 2001. Morphological and molecular support for nonmonophyly of the Galloanserae. Pages 157-168 in New Perspectives on the Origin and Early Evolution of Birds: Proceedings of the International Symposium In Honor of John H. Ostrom. J. Gauthier and L. F. Gall, eds. Yale University Press, New Haven.
Sorenson, M. D., E. Oneal, J. García-Moreno, and D. P. Mindell. 2003. More taxa, more characters: The hoatzin problem is still unresolved. Molecular Biology and Evolution 20:1484-1499.
Zusi, R. L. and B. C. Livezey. 2000. Homology and phylogenetic implications of some enigmatic cranial features in galliform and anseriform birds. Annals of Carnegie Museum 69:157-193.
About This Page
David P. Mindell
California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, California, USA
Joseph W. Brown
University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
Page copyright © 2004 David P. Mindell and Joseph W. Brown
Page: Tree of Life Galloanserae. Authored by David P. Mindell and Joseph W. Brown. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 14 December 2005
- Content changed 07 March 2007
Citing this page:
Mindell, David P. and Joseph W. Brown. 2007. Galloanserae. Version 07 March 2007 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Galloanserae/15840/2007.03.07 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/