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Eueides procula Doubleday 1847

Margarita Beltrán
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Containing group: Eueides


Etymology: Saint Procula or Claudia Procula was, according to Christian legend, the wife of Pontius Pilates. In the bible the book of Matthew mentions once, but does not name, Pilate's wife who advises him to 'have nothing to do with that just man', having been disturbed by a dream she had about Christ (Matthew Chapter 7, verse 19)(Procula).


Early stages:  Eggs cream coloured and approximately 0.8 x 0.8 mm (h x w). Females usually place eggs singly under older leaves of the host plant.  Mature larvae have a black body with yellow bands and stripes, with black scoli and black and white head; length is around 2 cm. Caterpillars are gregarious in small groups (Brown, 1981).

Geographical distribution

Eueides procula is distributed from Central America to the North Andes. The map below shows an approximate representation of the geographic distribution of this species. The original data used to draw these maps are derived from Brown (1979) which is available at Keith S. Brown Jr. (1979). Ecological Geography and Evolution in Neotropical Forests.

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Distribution of Eueides procula. © 2002 Margarita Beltran.


E. procula occurs from sea level to 2,000 m in forests near streams. Usually individuals fly rapidly in the canopy (Brown, 1981).

Hostplant: E. procula larvae feed primarily on plants from the genus Passiflora from the subgenus Granadilla section Quadrangulares, Digitales, and Laurifoliae (Brown, 1981). In Costa Rica E. p. vulgiformes larvae feed on Erblichia odorata (Turneraceae) (DeVries, 1997).


Brown K. S. 1979. Ecologia Geográfica e Evolução nas Florestas Neotropicais. 2 vols. (Tese apresentada à Universidade Estadual de Campinas como parte das exigências de um Concurso de Livre Docência, area de Ecologia). Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.

Brown K. S. 1981 The Biology of Heliconius and Related Genera. Annual Review of Entomology 26, 427-456.

DeVries P. J. 1997 The Butterflies of Costa Rica and Their Natural History, Volume I: Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae Princeton University Press, Baskerville, USA.

Doubleday E. 1847 The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera: comprising their generic characters, a notice of their habits and transformations, and a catalogue of the species of each genus. London, Longman, Brown, Green & Longmans. 1: 87-98, pls. 16-17 (9 July 1847), 99-106, pls. 18-19 (4 August 1847), 107-110, pls. 18*, 20 (1 September 1847), 111-118, pls. 21, 23 (4 October 1847), 119-124, pls. 22, 24 (2 November 1847), 125-132, pls. 25, 28 (2 December 1847), 133-136 (7 January 1848), 137-138 (3 February 1848)

Procula. Nation Master. http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Saint-Proculal [Accessed Aug 16, 2008].

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Eueides procula
Location Selva Negra, Nicaragua
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Acting Longwing
Source Collection Neotropical Butterflies
Copyright © 2003 Kim Garwood
About This Page

University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Margarita Beltrán at

Page: Tree of Life Eueides procula Doubleday 1847. Authored by Margarita Beltrán. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Beltrán, Margarita. 2008. Eueides procula Doubleday 1847. Version 04 September 2008 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Eueides_procula/72959/2008.09.04 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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