The Indiana Mimic MillipedePaul Marek
Brachoria indianae individuals are about 35.8 mm long and 8.5 mm wide (females 37.2 mm X 9.1 mm). Color: 3-spotted yellow.
Brachoria indianae genitalia - left male gonopodal acropodite (with setae removed): (Left) medial view and (Right) magnified apical view. © Paul Marek
HabitatBrachoria indianae specimens were collected during the day (14:00) on a north-facing bank of a deeply cut stream gully (draining to the Ohio River about one km southeast of the site). Individuals were found in a moist area beneath a waterfall and under layers of decomposing leaf material, about 3 m above (north) of the stream. One other xystodesmid encountered sympatrically at this locality is Apheloria virginiensis butleriana, which appears similar in coloration with B. indianae. Note: Individuals of B. indianae may be confused in the field with A. virginiensis butleriana due to similarity in color patterns.
DistributionBrachoria indianae is known from south of the Wisconsin glacial limit in southeastern Indiana - in Franklin, Clark and Jefferson counties - southeast to the Bluegrass Region near Lexington and to Estill and Madison counties in Kentucky. There are no recorded localities between Clark County, Indiana and Lexington, Kentucky. The closest known Brachoria species, B. electa and B. plecta, occur 35 km west and 29 km northeast of B. indianae. I could not find any individuals of B. indianae near the historical type locality in Brookville, despite extensive sampling in and near Franklin County.
Conservation statusBrachoria conta is threatened by habitat loss due to agriculture (especially growing demand for paper products), coal mining, development, and the invasion of exotic species.
Marek P.E. 2010. A revision of the Appalachian millipede genus Brachoria Chamberlin, 1939 (Polydesmida: Xystodesmidae: Apheloriini). Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 159: 817-889.
Bollman C.H. 1888. Catalogue of the myriapods of Indiana. Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 11: 403-410.
Chamberlin R.V., Hoffman R.L. 1958. Checklist of the millipeds of North America. Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus. 212: 1-236.
Hoffman R.L. 1999. Checklist of the millipeds of North and Middle America. Virginia Museum of Natural History Special Publication. No. 8. Martinsville: Virginia Museum of Natural History.
Keeton W.T. 1959. A revision of the millipede genus Brachoria (Polydesmida: Xystodesmidae) Proc. US Nat. Mus. 109: 1-58.
About This PageWork on the millipede Tree of Life pages was supported by a U.S. National Science Foundation Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant to Paul Marek and Jason Bond (DEB 0607996) and a Partnerships for Enhancing Expertise in Taxonomy Grant to Petra Sierwald, Jason Bond, and William Shear (DEB 0529715).
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Paul Marek at
Page copyright © 2010 Paul Marek
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- First online 16 September 2010
- Content changed 16 September 2010
Citing this page:
Marek, Paul. 2010. Brachoria indianae http://tolweb.org/Brachoria_indianae/144783/2010.09.16 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. The Indiana Mimic Millipede. Version 16 September 2010 (under construction).