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Taxa Associated with the Subfamily Bolitaeninae Chun, 1911

Michael J. Sweeney and Richard E. Young

(data as of June, 2000)

Bolitaena Steenstrup, 1859:183.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid genus [fide Robson (1932:327)]
TYPE SPECIES. -- None given. Bolitaena microcotyla Steenstrup in Hoyle, 1886 [fide Hoyle (1910:408)]

Bolitaenella Grimpe, 1922:39.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Japetella Hoyle, 1885 [fide Robson (1932:331)]
TYPE SPECIES. -- "B. diaphana (?Hoyle, 1886)" by original designation

Chunella Sasaki, 1920:170.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Japetella Hoyle, 1885 [fide Nesis (1987:289)]
TYPE SPECIES. -- Japetella diaphana Hoyle, 1885 by original designation

Eledonella Verrill, 1884:144.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Bolitaena Steetrup, 1859 [fide Young, ToL]
TYPE SPECIES. -- Eledonella pygmaea Verrill, 1884 by monotypy

Eledonenta Rochebrune, 1884:157.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Nomen dubium [fide Voss (1988:269)]
TYPE SPECIES. -- Eledonenta filholiana Rochebrune, 1884 by subsequent designation of Hoyle (1910:409)]

Japetella Hoyle, 1885a:271.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid genus [fide Young (1972:90)
TYPE SPECIES. -- Japetella prismatica Hoyle, 1885 by monotypy [= Eledonella pygmaea Verrill, 1884 [fide Thore (1949:39)]


Nominal Species-Level Taxa (As Introduced Binomial)

Eledonella alberti Joubin, 1912:396.


Octopus (Philonexis) brevipes D'Orbigny, 1834 In 1834-1847:22, pl 1 figs 1-3.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. --?Japetella diaphana Hoyle, 1885 [fide Nesis (1987:289)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- MNHN Type; specimen not extant [fide Lu et al. (1995:312)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Atlantic, 23°N, 35°W de Paris [fide Lu et al. (1995:312)]

Japetella diaphana Hoyle, 1885b:232.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid species [fide Norman (2000:186)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- BMNH Holotype 1890.1.24.8 [fide Lipinski et al. (2000:110)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- 0°42'S, 147°E, North of Papua

Eledonella heathi Berry, 1911:589.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid species; Japetella heathi [fide Young (1972:71)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- NMNH Holotype 214318 [fide Sweeney et al. (1988:14)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- 33°01'35"N, 121°32'W (Pacific Ocean)

Eledonella ijimai Sasaki, 1929:13, pl 7 figs 10-15.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Eledonella pygmaea Verrill, 1884 [fide Thore (1949:46)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Misaki, Sagami Province, Japan

Eledonella massyae Robson, 1924:202.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid species; ?Bolitaena massyae [fide Robson (1932:328)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- BMNH Holotype 1924.9.9.10 [fide Lipinski et al. (2000:112)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Off Cape Town, South Africa

Bolitaena microcotyla Steenstrup in Hoyle, 1886:16.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid species [fide Robson (1932:327)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- ZMUC Syntypes (2) [fide Kristensen and Knudsen (1983:223)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- 34°N, 32°W and 2°N, 21°W (Atlantic Ocean) [fide Robson (1932a:327)]

Japetella prismatica Hoyle, 1885b:231.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Eledonella pygmaea Verrill, 1884 [fide Thore (1949:46)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- BMNH Holotype 1890.1.24.9 [fide Lipinski et al. (2000:112)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- 10°46'S, 36°08'W, Rio San Francisco, Brazil

Eledonella massyae purpurea Robson, 1930:379, fig 6.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid subspecies; ?Bolitaena massyae purpurea [fide Robson (1932a:329)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- BMNH Holotype 1951.4.26.2 [fide Lipinski et al. (2000:113)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- 33°25'S, 6°31'E (SE Atlantic Ocean)

Eledonella pygmaea Verrill, 1884:145, pl 32 fig 2.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid species; Bolitaena pygmaea [fide Norman (2000:185)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- NMNH Holotype 35268 [fide Roper and Sweeney (1978:12)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- 37°12'20"N, 69°39'W (Atlantic Ocean)

Eledonella sheardi Allan, 1945:345, pl 26 figs 22-27.

TYPE REPOSITORY. -- AMS Holotype C126032 [fide Rudman (1983:67)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- 28°44'S, 153°57'E (South Pacific Ocean)

Bolitaena steenstrupi Watkinson, 1908:409.


Octopus venustus Rang, 1837:66, pl 93.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Eledonella sp. [fide Hoyle (1909:299)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- MNHN Type; specimen not extant [fide Lu et al. (1995:327)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Coast of Goree, Senegal

Type Repositories

AMS- Australian Museum, P.O. Box A285, 6-8 College Street, Sydney South, New South Wales 2000, Australia. [For type catalogs see Rudman (1983); Sweeney, Roper and Hochberg (1988) for S.S. Berry taxa]

BMNH-The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, England (formerly British Museum (Natural History)). [For type catalog see Lipinski et al. (2000)]

MNHN-Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Laboratoire Biologie Invertebres Marins et Malacologie, 55, rue de Buffon, 75005 Paris 05, France. [For type catalog see Lu et al. (1995)]

MSUT-University Museum, University of Tokyo, Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyoku, Tokyo 113, Japan (includes former Tokyo Imperial University (TIU) collection and University of Tokyo Department of Fisheries (FUMT) collection).

NMNH-National Museum of Natural History, 10th & Constitution Avenue, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560, U.S.A. (formerly USNM). [For type catalogs see Roper and Sweeney (1978); Sweeney et al. (1988)]

ZMUC-Kobenhavns Universitet, Zoologisk Museum, Universitetsparken 15, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark. [For type catalog see Kristensen and Knudsen (1983); See also Volsoe et al. (1962) for Steenstrup papers]


Allan, J. 1945. Planktonic cephalopod larvae from the eastern Australian coast. Records of the Australian Museum, 21(6):317-350, 4 plates.

Berry, S.S. 1911. Preliminary notices of some new Pacific cephalopods. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 40(1838):589-592.

Chun, C. 1911. Cirrothauma, ein blinder cephalopod. 21 pages. Philosophiae Doctores Dissertatio, Leipzig.

D'Orbigny, A. 1834-1847. Mollusques. Voyage dans l'Amerique Meridionale, 5(3):1-758, Atlas of 85 plates. [See Sherborn and Griffin (1934) for dates of publication]

Grimpe, G. 1922. Systematische übersicht der europäischen Cephalopoden. Sitzungsberichte der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft zu Leipzig, 45:36-52.

Hoyle, W.E. 1885a. Narrative of the Challenger Expedition. Report on the Scientific results of the voyage of the H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76, Narrative, 1(1):269-274, 4 figures.

Hoyle, W.E. 1885b. Diagnosis of new species of Cephalopoda collected during the cruise of H.M.S. "Challenger" - I. The Octopoda. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (series 5)15:222-236.

Hoyle, W.E. 1886. Report on the Cephalopoda. Report on the scientific results of the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76, Zoology, 16(44):1-245, 33 plates.

Hoyle, W.E. 1909. A catalogue of the recent Cephalopoda, second supplement, 1897-1906. Proceedings of the Royal Physical Society of Edinburgh, 17(6):254-299.

Hoyle, W.E. 1910. A list of the generic names of Dibranchiate Cephalopoda with their type species. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 32:407-413.

Joubin, L. 1912. Sur les Céphalopodes captures en 1911 par S.A.S. le Prince de Monaco. Comptes Rendus des seances de l'academic des Sciences, 154:395-397.

Kristensen, T.K. and J. Knudsen. 1983. A catalogue of the type specimens of Cephalopoda (Mollusca) in the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. Steenstrupia, 9(10):217-227.

Lipinski, M.R., F.A. Naggs, and M.A. Roeleveld. 2000. Catalogue of types of Recent cephalopods in the collection of the Natural History Museum, London. Annales Zoologici (Warszawa), 50(1):101-120.

Lu, C.C., R. Boucher-Rodoni and A. Tillier. 1995. Catalogue of types of Recent Cephalopoda in the Museum national d'Histoire Naturelle (France). Bulletin du Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, (series 4)17(3-4):307-343.

Nesis, K.N. 1982. Abridged key to the cephalopod Molluscs of the world's oceans. Moscow: Light and Food Industry Publishing House, 385 pages. (In Russian; see Nesis, 1987 for abridged English translation)

Nesis, K.N. 1987. Cephalopods of the World; Squids, cuttlefishes, Octopuses, and Allies. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, NJ, USA, 351 pages.

Norman, M.D. 2000. Cephalopods, a world guide. ConchBooks, Hackenheim, Germany, 320 pages.

Rang, M.S. 1837. Documents pour servir a l'histoire naturelle des cephalopodes crypyobranches. Magasin de Zoologie, 7(Cl.V.):1-77, 16 plates.

Robson, G.C. 1924. On new species, etc of Octopoda from South Africa. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (series 9)13:202-210, 1 figure.

Robson, G.C. 1930. Cephalopoda, I. Octopoda. Discovery Report, 2:371-401, 18 figures, 2 plates.

Robson, G.C. 1932. A Monograph of the Recent Cephalopoda. Part II. The Octopoda. 359 pages, 79 figures, 6 plates. London: British Museum.

Rochebrune, A.T. de 1884. Étude monographique de la famille des Eledonidae. Bulletin de la Societe Philomathique de Paris, (series 7)8(3):152-163, 1 plate.

Roper, C.F.E. and M.J. Sweeney. 1978. A catalog of the type-specimens of Recent Cephalopoda in the National Museum of Natural History. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 278:1-19.

Rudman, W.B. 1983. The cephalopod collections of the Australian Museum. Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria, 44:67-70.

Sasaki, M. 1920. Report on cephalopods collected during 1906 by the United States Bureau of Fisheries steamer "Albatross" in the northwestern Pacific. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 57(2310):163-203, 4 plates.

Sasaki, M. 1929. A monograph of the dibranchiate cephalopods of the Japanese and adjacent waters. Journal of the College of Agriculture, Hokkaido Imperial University, 20(supplement):1-357, 159 figures, 30 plates.

Sherborn, C.D. and F.J. Griffin. 1934. On the dates of publication of the Natural History portions of Alcida d'Orbigny's `Voyage Amerique Meridionale.' Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (series 10)13:130-134.

Smith, A.G. 1974. Type and other cephalopods in the collection of the Department of Invertebrate Zoology, California Academy of Sciences. Veliger, 16(3):319-333.

Steenstrup, J. 1859. Prof. Stp. gav en meddelelse om to nye cephalopodslaegter Bolitaena og Haliphron. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra den naturhistoriske Forening i Kjobennavn, 1858:183.

Sweeney, M.J., C.F.E. Roper, and F.G. Hochberg. 1988. Catalog of the type specimens of Recent Cephalopoda described by S. Stillman Berry. Malacologia, 29(1):7-19.

Thore, S. 1949. Investigations on the "Dana" Octopoda. I. Bolitaenidae, Amphitrelidae, Vitreledonellidae, and Allopsidae. Dana Report, 33:1-85, 69 figures.

Verrill, A.E. 1884. Second catalogue of the Mollusca, recently added to the fauna of the New England coast and the adjacent parts of the Atlantic, consisting mostly of deep sea species, with notes on others previously recorded. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Sciences, 6(1):139-294, 6 plates.

Volsoe, A., J. Knudsen and W. Rees. 1962. The cephalopod papers of Japetus Steenstrup; a translation into English. Danish Science Press, Copenhagen, 330 pages.

Voss, G.L. 1988. Evolution and phylogenetic relationships of deep-sea octopods (Cirrata and Incirrata), pages 253-276. In: M.R. Clarke and E.R. Trueman (Eds.). The Mollusca, Volume 12, Paleontology and Neontology of Cephalopoda. Academic Press, San Diego, 355 pages.

Watkinson, G.B. 1908. Untersuchungen uber die sogenannten geruchsorgane der cephalopoden. Jenaischen Zeitschrift fur Naturwissenschaft, 44:353-414, 2 plates.

Young, R.E. 1972. The systematics and areal distribution of pelagic cephalopods from the seas off southern California. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 97:1-159, 15 figures, 38 plates.

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