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Containing group: Arthropoda


Edwards, C. A. 1959. A revision of the British Symphyla. Proceedings of the Zoological Society London 132:403-439.

Edwards, C. A. 1959. Keys to the genera of the Symphyla. Journal of the Linnean Society of London Zoology 44:164-169.

Eisenbeis, G. and W. Wichard. 1987. Symphyla. Pages 170-179 in Atlas on the Biology of Soil Arthropods. Springer Verlag, Berlin.

Fischer, A. 1987. Chromosome-studies in 9 species of Austrian Symphyla (Myriapoda, Tracheata, Arthropoda). Genetica 75:109-116.

Podsiadlowski, L., H. Kohlhagen, and M. Koch. 2007. The complete mitochondrial genome of Scutigerella causeyae (Myriapoda: Symphyla) and the phylogenetic position of Symphyla. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45(1):251-260.

Poinar, G. O. and C. A. Edwards. 1995. First description of a fossil symphylan, Scutigerella dominicana sp. n. (Scutigerellidae, Symphyla), in Dominican amber. Experientia 51:391-393.

Scheller, U. 1971. Symphyla from Ceylon and Peninsular India. Entomologica Scandinavica Supplement 1:98-187.

Scheller, U. 1978. Pauropoda and Symphyla of the Geneva Museum. 5. Review of Swiss Scolopendrellidae (Myriapoda, Symphyla). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 85:247-263.

Scheller, U. 1979. Pauropoda and Symphyla of the Geneva Museum. 6. Symphyla from Rhodesia and South Africa (Myriapoda). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 86:947-955.

Scheller, U. 1988. Two new species of Symphyla from the Krakatau islands and the Ujung Kulon peninsula (Myriapoda, Symphyla, Scolopendrellidae, Scutigerellidae). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B 322:401-411.

Scheller, U. 1990. The Pauropoda and Symphyla of the Geneva Museum. 9. Symphyla from Middle and South Europe, Turkey and Morocco (Myriapoda, Symphyla). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 97:411-425.

Scheller, U. 1992. A study of neotropical Symphyla (Myriapoda) - list of species, keys to genera and description of 2 new amazonian species. Amazoniana-Limnologia et Oecologia Regionalis Systemae Fluminis Amazonas 12:169-180.

Scheller, U. 1996. A new troglobitic species of Hanseniella Bagnall (Symphyla: Scutigerellidae) from Tasmania. Australian Journal of Entomology 35:203-207.

Scheller, U. and J. Adis. 1984. A new species of Ribautiella (Myriapoda, Symphyla, Scolopendrellidae) from an Amazonian black-water inundation forest and notes on its natural history and ecology. Amazoniana-Limnologia et Oecologia Regionalis Systemae Fluminis Amazonas 8:299-310.

Scheller, U. and J. A. Adis. 1996. Pictorial key for the Symphylan families and genera of the Neotropical region south of Central Mexico (Myriapoda, Symphyla). Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment 31:57-61.

Information on the Internet

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Symphyla
Location USA: Arizona: Tucson
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0.
Copyright © 2004 David R. Maddison
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Tree of Life Web Project. 2002. Symphyla. Version 01 January 2002 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Symphyla/2534/2002.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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