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Pseudopontiinae Reuter 1896

Pseudopontia Plötz 1870

the Frail Whites, or Ghosts

Andrew V. Z. Brower
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Containing group: Pieridae


This genus of small, delicate Afrotropical pierids has been considered to be the sister taxon of all other Pieridae. The Braby et al. (2006) cladogram places it as sister group to Dismorphiinae. Long viewed as a single species, the recent combined analysis of Mitter et al (2011) shows the genus to be comprised of a complex of five allo- or parapatric species.

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Distribution of Pseudopontia species. © 2011 Kim Mitter

Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships

The tree is based on the maximum likelihood analysis of four gene regions (CAD, DDC, wingless, mtDNA COI)illustrated in Fig. 8D of Mitter et al. (2011).

Other Names for Pseudopontia Plötz 1870


Braby, M. F. 2005. Provisional checklist of genera of the Pieridae (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Zootaxa 832:1–16.

Braby, M., R. Vila, and N. E. Pierce. 2006. Molecular phylogeny and systematics of the Pieridae (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea): higher classification and biogeography. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 147(2):239-275.

Dixey, F.A. 1923. Pseudopontia paradoxa: its affinities, mimetic relations, and geographical races. Proceedings of the Entomological Society (London), lxi–lxvii + plate B.

Felder, R. 1869. [no title]. Petites Nouvelles Entomologiques, 1, 30–31.

Felder, R. 1870. Gonophlebia (Globiceps), Paradoxa (Felder). Petites Nouvelles Entomologiques, 1, 95.

Larsen, T. B. 2005 Butterflies of West Africa. Stenstrup, Denmark: Apollo Books.

Mitter, K.T., Larsen, T.B., de Prins, W., de Prins, J., Collins, S., Vande Weghe, G., Sáfián, S., Zakharov, E.V., Hawthorne, D.J., Kawahara, A.Y.,Regier, J.C. 2011. The butterfly subfamily Pseudopontiinae is not monobasic: marked genetic diversity and morphology reveal three new species of Pseudopontia (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Syst. Entomol. 36: 139-163. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3113.2010.00549.x

Plötz, C. 1870. Pseudopontia Calabarica n. gen. et n. sp. Stettiner Entomologischer Zeitung, 31, 348–349, 1 pl.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Pseudopontia australis
Location DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO: Kasai Province, Luebo, 1345 ft.
Specimen Condition Dead Specimen
Identified By Torben B. Larsen
Sex Male
Life Cycle Stage adult
View ventral
Collection Natural History Museum, London
Type Lectotype
Collector Paul Landbeck
Copyright © 2011
About This Page

Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Andrew V. Z. Brower at

Page: Tree of Life Pseudopontiinae Reuter 1896. Pseudopontia Plötz 1870. the Frail Whites, or Ghosts. Authored by Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2011. Pseudopontiinae Reuter 1896. Pseudopontia Plötz 1870. the Frail Whites, or Ghosts. Version 20 March 2011 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Pseudopontia/12214/2011.03.20 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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