Sarromia currently viewed as a subjective junior synonym, Zabirnia currently viewed as a subjective junior synonym, Trophonina currently viewed as a subjective junior synonymAndrew V. Z. Brower
This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.
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IntroductionA diverse neotropical genus, distributed mainly in cloud forest and páramo of the Andes from Venezuela to Bolivia, but with one species in Costa Rica (L. euopis) and one in Guatemala (L. cinna). Larvae feed on bamboos in Chusquea and Swallenchloa.
Discussion of Phylogenetic RelationshipsThe tree above is based primarily on the molecular phylogenetic analysis of Casner & Pyrcz (2010), which included 40 Lymanopoda species. Some of the species not sampled in that study have been placed in their tentative positions on the tree based on discussions in Pyrcz et al. (1999), Pyrcz (2004), Pyrcz & Rodríguez (2007) and Pyrcz et al. (2010).
Casner, K.L. & Pyrcz, T.W. (2010) Patterns and timing of diversification in a tropical montane butterfly genus, Lymanopoda (Nymphalidae, Satyrinae). Ecography 33, 251-259; 259 pp. suppl.
Lamas G ed. (2004) Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 4A Hesperioidea - Papiionoidea. Gainesville: Scientific Publishers/Association of Tropical Lepidoptera.
Pyrcz, T.W. (2004) Pronophiline butterflies of the highlands of Chachapoyas in northern peru: faunal survey, diversity and distribution patterns (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Satyrinae). Genus 15, 455-622.
Pyrcz, T.W. & Rodriguez, G. (2006) Description of a new remarkable species of Lymanopoda Westwood and identification of a centre of endemism of cloud forest butterflies in Belmira, northern Central Cordillera, Antioquia, Columbia (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). Genus 17, 291-297.
Pyrcz, T.W., Viloria, A.L. & Boyer, P. (2010) The obsoleta clade of the genus Lymanopoda Westwood (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). Folia Entomologica Hungarica 71, 161-195.
Pyrcz, T.W., Willmott, K.R. & Hall, J.P.W. (1999) Contribution to the knowledge of Ecuadorian Pronophilini. Part III. Three new species and five new subspecies of Lymanopoda (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). Genus (Wroclaw) 10, 497-522.
About This Page
Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Andrew V. Z. Brower at
Page copyright © 2011
Page: Tree of Life Lymanopoda currently viewed as a subjective junior synonym, Zabirnia currently viewed as a subjective junior synonym, Trophonina currently viewed as a subjective junior synonym. Authored by . Sarromia Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 01 November 2006
- Content changed 06 May 2011
Citing this page:
Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2011. Lymanopoda currently viewed as a subjective junior synonym, Zabirnia currently viewed as a subjective junior synonym, Trophonina currently viewed as a subjective junior synonym. Version 06 May 2011 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Lymanopoda/82826/2011.05.06 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Sarromia