LibytheanaAkito Y. Kawahara, Andrew V. Z. Brower, and Niklas Wahlberg
IntroductionThe genus Libytheana represents the New World snout butterflies, with one widespread species (L. carinenta) ranging from the U. S. to South America, and three differentiated Caribbean endemic species.
Species of the genus Libytheana are distinguished by the following seven synapomorphies: R3 of forewing with base approximately midway between apex of discal cell and fork of R4,R5, band between forewing M1 and M3 closer to discal cell than wing margin, trifid male eighth abdominal tergum, dorsally curved aedeagus, saccus enlarged anteriorly, reduced female seventh abdominal sternum, microtracheae present on membrane of corpus bursae (Kawahara, in press).
Kawahara, A. Y. 2006. Biology of the snout butterflies (Nymphalidae: Libytheinae), Part 2: Libytheana Michener. Transactions of the Lepidopterological Society of Japan 57(3): 265-277.
Kawahara, A. Y. (accepted). Revision of the Extant and Fossil Snout Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Libytheinae). Thomas Say Publications in Entomology, Monographs. Lanham, Maryland.
Smith, D. S., Miller, L. D. & Miller, J. Y. 1994 The butterflies of the West Indies and South Florida. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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Akito Y. Kawahara
University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA
University of Turku, Finland
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Akito Y. Kawahara at , Andrew V. Z. Brower at , and Niklas Wahlberg at
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- First online 25 September 2006
- Content changed 19 May 2013
Citing this page:
Kawahara, Akito Y., Andrew V. Z. Brower, and Niklas Wahlberg. 2013. Libytheana http://tolweb.org/Libytheana/12185/2013.05.19 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 19 May 2013 (under construction).