Oh my goodness! Unless you are a Tree of Life developer, you really shouldn't be here. This page is part of our beta test site, where we develop new features for the ToL, often messing up a thing or two in the process. Please visit the official version of this page, which is available here.
Under Construction

Allancastria Bryk, 1934

Vazrick Nazari
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
taxon links [up-->]Allancastria cerisyi [up-->]Allancastria deyrollei [up-->]Allancastria louristana [up-->]Allancastria cretica [up-->]Allancastria caucasica [down<--]Parnassiinae Interpreting the tree
close box

This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.

The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.

example of a tree diagram

You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.

For more information on ToL tree formatting, please see Interpreting the Tree or Classification. To learn more about phylogenetic trees, please visit our Phylogenetic Biology pages.

close box

Phylogeny after Nazari et al., 2007.

Containing group: Parnassiinae


The genus Allancastria today consists of five species: Allancastria cerisy (Godart, 1824); A. deyrollei Oberthür, 1869; A. cretica (Rebel, 1904); A. caucasica (Lederer, 1864); and A. louristana (Le Cerf, 1908) (Häuser et al., 2005). They have a western Palaearctic distribution and their larvae feed on various species of Aristolochia (Aristolochiaceae).


The name Allancastria first appeared in print in 1932 in a paper by Bryk (Hemming, 1967). It has frequently been considered a subgenus of Zerynthia Ochsenheimer, 1816 (e.g. Hesselbarth et al., 1995), and the species belonging to it have previously been classified under Zerynthia, Thais Fabricius, 1807, or Parnalius Rafinesque, 1815 (see Ackery, 1975; Hesselbarth et al., 1995). According to Hemming (1967), the name Thais Fabricius, 1807 is invalid, as it is a junior homonym of Thais Röding, 1798. Ackery (1975: 90, 91) treated Allancastria as a junior subjective synonym of Parnalius Rafinesque, 1815, under which he included P. cerisy, P. rumina and P. polyxena, and indicated that if Allancastria has to be recognized as a genus “there is equal justification for raising the status of the species groups of Parnassius to genera”. The priority of the name Parnalius Rafinesque, 1815 was later suppressed by the ICZN in favor of Zerynthia Ochsenheimer, 1816 (ICZN opinion 1134, 1979).

Hemming (1967: 37) believed that the name Allancastria was invalid, since “Bryk (1932) provided no generic diagnosis and designated no type species, both essential requirements for a generic name published after the close of 1930” (Article 13, ICZN). However, according to Cowan (1970: 41), Bryk actually designated Thais cerisy Godart, [1824] as the type species in 1934; and therefore the name Allancastria should be considered valid and available. The genus Allancastria, including the only species that was then known, Allancastria cerisy, was first separated from Zerynthia by Bryk in 1934. The monotypy of Allancastria held for a long time, and many local forms and subspecies were described for A. cerisy, some of which were later elevated to species rank.


Ackery, P.R., 1975. A guide to the genera and species of Parnassiinae (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. Ent. 31: 71-105, plates 1-15.

Bryk, F., 1932. Kritische revision der gattung Parnassius unter benutzung des materials der kollektion Eisner, Dahlem (ortsetzung). Parnassiiana 2: 104.

Bryk, F., 1934. Baroniidae, Teinopalpidae, Parnassiidae, Part.I. Das Tierreich, Deutschen Zoologische Gesellschaft im Auftrag der Preussischen Akademie der Wissensch. Berlin und Lepizig, 64: I-XXIII, 1-131.

Cowan, C.F., 1970. Annotations Rhopalocerologicae. 70 p., Berkhamsted.

Häuser, C.L., de Jong, R., Lamas, G., Robbins, R.K., Smith, C., Vane-Wright, R.I., 2005. Papilionidae – revised GloBIS/GART species checklist (2nd draft). Accessed December 2005.

Hemming, A.F., 1967. The generic names of the butterflies and their type-species (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera). Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. Ent. Suppl. 9: 509 pp.

Hesselbarth, G., van Oorschot, H., Wagener, S., 1995. Die Tagfalter der Türkei. 1. 754 pp. Bocholt, Selbstverlag Sigbert Wagener.

ICZN, 1979. Opinion 1134. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 36: 102.

Nazari, V., Zakharov, E.V., Sperling, F.A.H., 2007. Phylogeny, historical biogeography, and taxonomic ranking of Parnassiinae (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae) based on morphology and seven genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 42: 131-156.

Title Illustrations
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Scientific Name Allancastria louristana LeCerf, 1908
Location Lorestan, Iran
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Sex Female
Copyright © 2006
About This Page

Vazrick Nazari
Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids and Nematodes, Ottawa, Canada

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Vazrick Nazari at

Page: Tree of Life Allancastria Bryk, 1934. Authored by Vazrick Nazari. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Nazari, Vazrick. 2006. Allancastria Bryk, 1934. Version 07 July 2006 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Allancastria/65401/2006.07.07 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

edit this page
close box

This page is a Tree of Life Branch Page.

Each ToL branch page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a branch of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a branch and a leaf of the Tree of Life is that each branch can be further subdivided into descendent branches, that is, subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

close box


Page Content

articles & notes



Explore Other Groups

random page

  go to the Tree of Life home page